|Elaine Callinan is a first-class B.A. (Hons) graduate of Humanities from Carlow College, and a first-class honours M.Phil. in History graduate from Trinity College Dublin. She is currently undertaking a Ph.D. study on ‘Election Campaigning and The Role of Propaganda 1916-1923’ in Trinity College Dublin under the supervision of Professor David Fitzpatrick. Elaine also holds a Dioplóma sa Ghaeilge (Irish Language Diploma) from National University of Ireland, Galway and is awaiting an award of Postgraduate Diploma in Higher Education from Trinity College Dublin. The focus of her research is to examine how politicians and political parties campaigned in elections in Ireland just before the foundation of the Free State. She is particularly interested in how election campaigns were conducted in an era of political and military upheaval in Ireland, and in the legacy of the same on the Free State and Northern Ireland. Her work stems from a broader interest in the nature of the two states in Ireland during a time of internal and global conflict, and in placing the Irish experience in a wider context. Elaine’s principal areas of historical interest are seventeenth and eighteenth centuries Irish and global history and nineteenth and twentieth centuries Irish history.